The purpose of THE IPRAS JOURNAL is to provide a rapid reporting of things of interest to IPRAS members. This includes all members of national societies who participate in the IPRAS organization. Because of the broad umbrella of IPRAS this includes matters of interest across a broad spectrum of sub-specialties including burn surgery, microscopic and reconstruction surgery, hand surgery, craniofacial surgery, and aesthetic surgery. In many instances it will include matters of interest to all specialties of plastic surgery combined. Matters of interest include, but are not limited to surgical techniques, patient care, patient safety, recognition and treatment of complications of surgery, humanitarian contributions, and schedules of pending meetings. Authors are encouraged to submit manuscripts for publication which will be evaluated by a peer review process. Letters to the Editor are encouraged and will be published if deemed contributory to the aims and scope of the Journal.